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Effect Of Catholyte Concentration On Current Production During Chocolate Industry Wastewater Treatment By A Microbial Fuel Cell, Diana Rahayuning Wulan, Suprihanto Notodarmojo 2020 Research Unit of Clean Technology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Bandung 40135, Indonesia

Effect Of Catholyte Concentration On Current Production During Chocolate Industry Wastewater Treatment By A Microbial Fuel Cell, Diana Rahayuning Wulan, Suprihanto Notodarmojo

Makara Journal of Technology

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) use bacteria as a catalyst to oxidize organic and/or inorganic substrates and produce electric currents. Wastewater could function as an electron donor in the anode chamber and, thus, represents a very promising energy source. Catholytes, as electron acceptors, influence power production in MFCs by increasing the availability of electrons. The present research aims to determine the influence of catholyte concentration on current production in an aerobic two-chamber MFC. Aerobic treatment was carried out in the two-chamber MFC operated in an incubator at 37 ? 1 °C with and without aeration in the cathode chamber. Wastewater from ...


Evaluation Of Il-17a And Il-17f Gene Expression In Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells In Different Clinical Stages Of Chronic Hepatitis B Infection In An Iranian Population, Tannaz Akbari Kolagar, Seyed Reza Mohebbi, Fatemeh Ashrafi, Shahrzad Shoraka, Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei, Mohammad Reza Zali 2020 Faculty of Biological Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran-North Branch, Tehran 1651153311, Iran

Evaluation Of Il-17a And Il-17f Gene Expression In Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells In Different Clinical Stages Of Chronic Hepatitis B Infection In An Iranian Population, Tannaz Akbari Kolagar, Seyed Reza Mohebbi, Fatemeh Ashrafi, Shahrzad Shoraka, Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei, Mohammad Reza Zali

Makara Journal of Technology

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the main causes of liver damage, which can also lead to chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. More than 240 million individuals worldwide are chronic carriers of HBV. Among individuals with CHB who are untreated, approximately 15% – 40% will progress to liver cirrhosis or cancer. The interactions between HBV and host immune response play significant roles in the progression of CHB. CHB can be generally divided into four different clinical phases: immune tolerance (IT), immune clearance, inactive carrier, and Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-negative reactivation phase (ENEG). Many studies showed that interleukins ...


Redesign Of Product Packaging With Kansei Engineering: Empirical Study On Small-Medium Enterprises In Indonesia, Amalia Suzianti, A. Aldianto 2020 Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Jawa Barat

Redesign Of Product Packaging With Kansei Engineering: Empirical Study On Small-Medium Enterprises In Indonesia, Amalia Suzianti, A. Aldianto

Makara Journal of Technology

Small-medium enterprises (SMEs) in Indonesia have been proven to be one of the important pillars of the national economy. Unfortunately, some problems hinder their development, and one of the critical problems is the quality of product packaging. The packages of SME products are considered poor, dirty, and unattractive. Packaging problem is one of the factors why consumers are less interested in buying and why SME products always lose in the competition with other products. This study discusses how to employ Kansei engineering to design better SME product packaging with a focus on psychological (affective) aspects. This research concludes that there ...


Effect Of Landfill Leachates On Some Water Quality Indicators Of Selected Surface Water And Groundwater At Ilokun, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria, Olorunwa Omofunmi, Adesola Satimehin, Abraham Oloye, Okwunna Umego 2020 Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Oye-Are Road, Oye-Ekiti 371104, Nigeria

Effect Of Landfill Leachates On Some Water Quality Indicators Of Selected Surface Water And Groundwater At Ilokun, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria, Olorunwa Omofunmi, Adesola Satimehin, Abraham Oloye, Okwunna Umego

Makara Journal of Technology

This study was conducted to examine the impact of dumpsites on the quality of groundwater and surface water. The water samples and leachates were collected from dumpsites in respective zones. The physicochemical properties of the samples were examined and determined in accordance with the standards of the American Public Health Association. Results indicated that the groundwater and surface water that are close to the dumpsites have an electrical conductivity of 385 and 245 Sd/cm, total dissolved solids of 168 and 128 mg/L, a turbidity of 4.6 and 22 NTU, a total alkalinity of 103 and 50 mg ...


Microstrip Filters: A Review Of Different Filter Designs Used In Ultrawide Band Technology, Hussain Bohra, Giriraj Prajapati 2020 Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sir Padampat Singhania University, Udaipur 313601, India

Microstrip Filters: A Review Of Different Filter Designs Used In Ultrawide Band Technology, Hussain Bohra, Giriraj Prajapati

Makara Journal of Technology

In this study, optimization techniques applied in designing microstrip bandpass ultra-wideband (UWB) filters are presented. Optimization based on various defected ground structure techniques, resonator designs, and type of dielectric materials is discussed. Microstrip bandpass filters implemented at UWB frequency bands used in wireless communication systems have key features to control frequency response in passband and stopband. Optimization techniques are studied to attain optimum performance of bandpass microstrip filters to ensure minimum insertion loss, high selectivity, compactness, sharp transitions at cut-off frequencies, high return loss, and excellent linearity. Extensive study shows that proper selection of fabrication techniques and type of material ...


Effect Of Pvdf-Ca Ratio On Electrospun Membrane For Water–Oil Filtration Application, Mohamad Haziq Alias, Izan Izwan Misnon, Rajan Jose 2020 Nanostructured Renewable Energy Materials Laboratory, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Pahang 26300, Malaysia

Effect Of Pvdf-Ca Ratio On Electrospun Membrane For Water–Oil Filtration Application, Mohamad Haziq Alias, Izan Izwan Misnon, Rajan Jose

Makara Journal of Technology

Oil spillage and generation of industrial water–oil wastewater mixture ignite a focus on filtration technology. Electrospinning technique provides a versatile route in producing tunable diameter and pores in nanofiber filtration membrane development. In this work, polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) and cellulose acetate (CA) electrospun membrane at different concentration ratios were synthesized for water–oil filtration application. The polymeric solutions were characterized using viscometer and conductivity testing, whereas the membranes were analyzed using contact angle, tensile test, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and filtration testing of oil (dichloromethane). Conductivity test showed a decreased conductivity along with decrement of CA ratio in the ...


Performance-Shaping Factors Of Personnel Performing Evacuation And Escape On Offshore Installations In Tropical, Norafneeza Norazahar, Nur Azizah Arryanie Morshidi, Arshad Ahmad, Wijayanuddin Mohd Ali 2020 Centre of Hydrogen Energy, Institute of Future Energy, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia

Performance-Shaping Factors Of Personnel Performing Evacuation And Escape On Offshore Installations In Tropical, Norafneeza Norazahar, Nur Azizah Arryanie Morshidi, Arshad Ahmad, Wijayanuddin Mohd Ali

Makara Journal of Technology

Performance-shaping factors (PSFs) are used to address the strengths and weaknesses of workers performing escape and evacuation activities. These PSFs are time, environmental factors as stressors, complexity of activities, experiences and training, interaction between workers and emergency equipment, workers’ physical conditions, and procedures. This paper presents a survey work on fitness for the duty of workers performing basic offshore survival and emergency response training. The training provides credible scenarios of escape and evacuation in case of an emergency of offshore installations in tropical waters. The survey is conducted among participants of the tropical basic offshore safety induction & emergency training with ...


Growth Of Microalgae For Simultaneous Treatment Of Industrial Wastewater And Biodiesel Production, Mohammed Ahmad Abujayya 2020 United Arab Emirates University

Growth Of Microalgae For Simultaneous Treatment Of Industrial Wastewater And Biodiesel Production, Mohammed Ahmad Abujayya

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Theses

The treatment of industrial wastewater contaminated with phenols is among the main challenges in the chemical, and particularly the petrochemical industry. Phenols, which present in considerable amounts in industrial wastewater, are toxic even at low concentrations. Therefore, it is essential to reduce their concentrations in water to harmless levels before being discharged. On the other hand, the dependence on the conventional fossil sources of energy, which is non-renewable, is not sustainable and can cause harmful environmental impacts. Therefore, in this work, the dual utilization of microalgae as a cheap and efficient means to remove phenolic compounds commonly found in refinery ...


Modification Of Inuline By Iodic Acid, RAKHMANBERDIYEV Gappar, IBRAGIMOVA Кomila, АXMEDOV Оliy 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute

Modification Of Inuline By Iodic Acid, Rakhmanberdiyev Gappar, Ibragimova Кomila, Аxmedov Оliy

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

In order to further modify inulin with drugs, the process of introducing reactive aldehyde groups into the inulin macromolecule was carried out. Aldehyde groups were introduced by oxidizing inulin with iodic acid. The process of oxidation of inulin and cellulose with iodic acid was compared. The quantities of aldehyde groups in the oxidized samples were estimated, their molecular weights were determined, IR spectra were measured, the iodine number of the inulin dialdehyde and their oxidation state were determined.


Synthesis Of 1,2,3-Triazoles Based On Propargyl Ethers Of Carbamate, DJURAEV Abdukahhor, YAKUBXODJAEVA Malika, ATAXODJAEVA Matluba, GAIBULLAEV Oibek 2020 Tashkent state dental institute

Synthesis Of 1,2,3-Triazoles Based On Propargyl Ethers Of Carbamate, Djuraev Abdukahhor, Yakubxodjaeva Malika, Ataxodjaeva Matluba, Gaibullaev Oibek

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

By the interaction of propargyl esters of carbamate derivatives with phenylazide, 1,2,3- triazole derivatives were synthesized. Their anti-inflammatory activity was subsequently studied.During the study of biological activity, a relationship was established between the anti- inflammatory activity and the chemical structure in the studied series of 1,2,3-triazole derivatives.


Physical And Chemical Characteristics Of Supramolecular Complexes Of Glycirrizinic Acid With Phytohormones, DJURAEV Tulqin, ESANOV Rakhmatillo, GAFUROV Makhmudjon, KUSHIEV Khabibjon 2020 Gulistan State University

Physical And Chemical Characteristics Of Supramolecular Complexes Of Glycirrizinic Acid With Phytohormones, Djuraev Tulqin, Esanov Rakhmatillo, Gafurov Makhmudjon, Kushiev Khabibjon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The process of formation of supramolecular complexes of glycyrrhizinic acid with some phytohormones (indolylacetic acid, indolylbutyric acid, α-naphthyl acetic acid and kinetin) were studied with the aim of creation the plant growth stimulator. The complexes structure was studied using IR and UV spectroscopy methods. The prepared compounds described by some physicochemical parameters. The stability constants and stoichiometric composition of complexes were determined in an aqueous solution at pH of 7,2 using UV spectrometry method. In result, all complexes have composition as 1:1 ratio, except the kinetin complex which has 2:1 ratio. The stability constants were equal: KGA ...


Study Of The Process For The Removal Of Dyeing Matters Of The Plant Occimum Basilicum L. Lamiaceae, USMONJONOVA Khulkar, ATKHAMOVA Saida, DODAEV Kuchkor 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute

Study Of The Process For The Removal Of Dyeing Matters Of The Plant Occimum Basilicum L. Lamiaceae, Usmonjonova Khulkar, Atkhamova Saida, Dodaev Kuchkor

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the work is dedicated isolation of anthocyanins by ethanol from herbal plant of Occimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae basis. The were studied influencing of temperature, concentration of ethanol to isolation of anthocyanins. There were passed investigations on studying influence level of heating and hydromodule system of rav material-solvent to maximal isolating of anthocyanins. The colors define by fotokolorometrical method at wave length 400-600 nm. There are shown at 540 nm maximal peak of anthocyanins and it is geven as a grapfical diagram. From the obtained depends on content of alcohol in aquatic solution from outlet of colors is ...


The Research Of Conditions For The Formation Of Phenol Formaldehyde Resins Modified With Hydroxyl Containg Polyether Polyol, MAGRUPOV Farkhad, UMAROV Sherali, TOHIROV Murodjon, RADJABOVA Zukhra 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute

The Research Of Conditions For The Formation Of Phenol Formaldehyde Resins Modified With Hydroxyl Containg Polyether Polyol, Magrupov Farkhad, Umarov Sherali, Tohirov Murodjon, Radjabova Zukhra

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the study was to study the conditions of copolycondensation of phenol alcohol with hydroxyl-containing polyether polyol in the presence of maleic anhydride chain extender in order to obtain modified thermoset phenolic-formaldehyde oligomers. Investigation of the dependence of the content of free phenol, formaldehyde and methylol groups on time during the synthesis of the modified phenol-formaldehyde resin with the ratios hydroxyl-containing polyether polyol:phenol alcohol 1:60 mol/mol and 1:100 mol/mol. It was revealed that maleic anhydride, present in the reaction medium as a copolycondensation catalyst, also participates in copolycondensation reactions as a chain extender ...


Vinylation By 3,6-Dimetyloctin-4-Diol-3,6 Acetylene, YUSUPOVA Lola, ABDUKARIMOVA Saida, RAJABOV Rustambek, KHALIMOVA Oygul 2020 Tashkent chemical-technological Institute

Vinylation By 3,6-Dimetyloctin-4-Diol-3,6 Acetylene, Yusupova Lola, Abdukarimova Saida, Rajabov Rustambek, Khalimova Oygul

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the research work elaboration of technology of obtaine of acetylene diols and their vinyl ethers. Reaction of formation mono di vinyl ethers as a result vinyl 3,6-dimetyloktin-4-diol-3,6 by acetylene, and also influence of solvents, the catalyst and its quantity, duration of reaction, temperatures is investigated. Are defined speed of reaction. Recommended vinyl 3,6-dimetyloktin-4-diol-3,6 acetylene in the presence of highly basic systems at atmospheric pressure.


Synthesis And Research Of New Heterometal Complexes Cо(Ii), Ni(Ii), Cu(Ii) And Mn(Ii) Based On V(V) And 5-(4-Pyridyl)-1,3,4-Oxadiazole-2(3h)-Thione Lubricants, PIRIMOVA Mehribon, KADIROVA Shakhnoza, RAKHMONОVA Dilnoza, ZIYAYEV Abduhakim 2020 National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent

Synthesis And Research Of New Heterometal Complexes Cо(Ii), Ni(Ii), Cu(Ii) And Mn(Ii) Based On V(V) And 5-(4-Pyridyl)-1,3,4-Oxadiazole-2(3h)-Thione Lubricants, Pirimova Mehribon, Kadirova Shakhnoza, Rakhmonоva Dilnoza, Ziyayev Abduhakim

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The oxadiazole derivatives complex compounds with metals are biologically active substances. The aim of the study was to study the interaction of the chlorides of Co (II), Ni (II), Cu (II) and Mn (II) with 5-(4-pyridyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2(3H)–thione, ammonium vanadate. Competitive coordination of donor centers, electronic and geometric structures of the ligand molecule were studied on the basis of the quantum-chemical software package Gaussian09 LanL2DZ. It was shown that 5-(4-pyridyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2(3H)-thione ligand is partially coordinated through a localized nitrogen or sulfur atoms at formation of the complex. А procedure was developed ...


Study Of Recombinant Protein Fractions From The Bombyx Mori And Pichia Pastoris Using "Native Page" Method, Abdurhakhmanov aloliddin, Sasmakov Sobirdjan, Khasanov Shuhrat, Ashirov Оybek 2020 Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances

Study Of Recombinant Protein Fractions From The Bombyx Mori And Pichia Pastoris Using "Native Page" Method, Abdurhakhmanov Aloliddin, Sasmakov Sobirdjan, Khasanov Shuhrat, Ashirov Оybek

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

We have studied the recombinant protein fractions of ? 24-34 kDa obtained from Bombyx mori - silkworm larvae and yeast Pichia pastoris. Fractions, containing the recombinant proteins by gel-electrophoresis using the “Native PAGE” method, which allows for differentiation of proteins according to their natural (surface) charge and conformational properties were studied. The results showed that the recombinant protein fraction from Bombyx mori (? 34 kDa) consisted of four components and fraction from Pichia pastoris (? 24 kDa) consisted one component. The most optimal conditions for the “Native PAGE”- the main gel: Tris HCl (pH-8.8) 244 mM, Bis-Acrylamide 10%, TEMED 0.08%, APS 0 ...


Pressure-Compensated Temperature Control In Rectification Column, Norkobilov Adham, Turakulov Zafar, Kamolov Azizbek, Talipov Hojiakbar 2020 Shahrisabz Branch of the Tashkent Institute of Chemical Technology

Pressure-Compensated Temperature Control In Rectification Column, Norkobilov Adham, Turakulov Zafar, Kamolov Azizbek, Talipov Hojiakbar

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The focus of this work is to study the control of a rectification column (RC) for separating n-butane (nC4) and n-pentane (nC5) mixtures. Two control structures based on conventional temperature control (TC) and pressure-compensated control (PTC) structures are studied and compared using Aspentech software. The control performance of TC and PTC are investigated in terms of the control of component purities in both distillate and bottoms streams, under various disturbances in feed and pressure conditions. Due to pressure compensation, PTC is superior to TC in terms of purity and impurity control under disturbances in feed and pressure conditions. Accordingly, simulation ...


Research Of Kinetic Characteristics Of The Process Of Decomposition Of Zinc Concentrate With Hydrochloric Acid, Rosilov Mansur, Deng Tianlong, Usmanov Ilham, Samadiy Murodjon 2020 Tashkent Chemical Technological Institute

Research Of Kinetic Characteristics Of The Process Of Decomposition Of Zinc Concentrate With Hydrochloric Acid, Rosilov Mansur, Deng Tianlong, Usmanov Ilham, Samadiy Murodjon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the study was the theoretical justification of the kinetic characteristics of the process of producing zinc chloride from zinc concentrate of the Khandiza deposit. For this, the effect of temperature and duration of the process of autoclave zinc extraction in a 28% hydrochloric acid solution was studied at a ratio of Zn: HCI = 1:1.1. Variable parameters were the temperature of 70, 80 and 90 °C and the duration of the leaching process of 6, 8 and 10 hours. The optimal parameters for the production of zinc chloride were determined.


The Study Of The Component Composition Of The Reaction Mixture Containing Formaldehyde Reaction Products, Hurramov Lochinbek, Alimukhamedova Nozima, Adilov Ravshan, Alimukhamedov Muzafar 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute

The Study Of The Component Composition Of The Reaction Mixture Containing Formaldehyde Reaction Products, Hurramov Lochinbek, Alimukhamedova Nozima, Adilov Ravshan, Alimukhamedov Muzafar

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of this work is to study the effect of the conditions of the reaction of monoethanolamine (Meol) with formaldehyde (FD) on the composition of the reaction mixture. Interaction of monoethanolamine with formaldehyde leads to the formation of N,N’,N”-tris(β-oxyethyl) hexahydro-S-triazine or N,N-bisoxazolidine. The type of final product was determined by the conditions of the reaction and the molar ratio of aminoalcohol:formaldehyde. The chromatogram of the vacuum-distilled final product obtained at the molar ratio of monoethanolamine:formaldehyde=1:1 shows on an individual compound with a retention time of 4.173 s. With increase ...


Anti-Collision Planning Optimization In Directional Wells, abdulrahman mohamed 2020 The British University in Egypt

Anti-Collision Planning Optimization In Directional Wells, Abdulrahman Mohamed

Petroleum Engineering and Gas

One of the most application of the directional drilling is drilling multiple wells from one location or platform. In drilling multiple wells from one location the major problem that faced is avoiding the collision with the offset wells that drilled near the proposed well in the same region. Therefore, the potential of collison between the wells can cause severe catastrophic accidents such as an explosion or oil spill. Several measurements of proximity calculation or methods have been adopted to control the distance between the wells, avoid the collison, increasing the clearance along with smoothing the trajectory, Reducing the drilling time ...


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