3d Interdigitated Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Electrodes For Electrochemical Impedimetric Biosensing, 2020 Brigham Young University
3d Interdigitated Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Electrodes For Electrochemical Impedimetric Biosensing, Benjamin J. Brownlee, Jonathan C. Claussen, Brian D. Iverson
Mechanical Engineering Publications
Advances in nanomaterials, combined with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), have allowed electrochemical biosensors to have high sensitivity while remaining label-free, enabling the potential for portable diagnosis at the point-of-care. We report porous, 3D vertically aligned carbon nanotube (VACNT) electrodes with underlying chromium electrical leads for impedance-based biosensing. The electrodes are characterized by electrode height (5, 25, and 80 μm), gap width (15 and 25 μm), and geometry (interdigitated and serpentine) using scanning electron microscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The protein streptavidin is functionalized onto VACNT electrodes for detection of biotin, as confirmed by fluorescence microscopy. EIS is ...
Biodistribution Of Degradable Polyanhydride Particles In Aedes Aegypti Tissues, 2020 Iowa State University
Biodistribution Of Degradable Polyanhydride Particles In Aedes Aegypti Tissues, Edmund J. Norris, Adam S. Mullis, Yashdeep Phanse, Balaji Narasimhan, Joel R. Coats, Lyric C. Bartholomay
Insecticide resistance poses a significant threat to the control of arthropods that transmit disease agents. Nanoparticle carriers offer exciting opportunities to expand the armamentarium of insecticides available for public health and other pests. Most chemical insecticides are delivered by contact or feeding, and from there must penetrate various biological membranes to reach target organs and kill the pest organism. Nanoparticles have been shown to improve bioactive compound navigation of such barriers in vertebrates, but have not been well-explored in arthropods. In this study, we explored the potential of polyanhydride micro- and nanoparticles (250 nm– 3 μm), labeled with rhodamine B ...
Polyanhydride Nanoparticles Induce Low Inflammatory Dendritic Cell Activation Resulting In Cd8+ T Cell Memory And Delayed Tumor Progression, Ross Darling, Sujata Senapati, John Christiansen, Luman Liu, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Balaji Narasimhan, Michael J. Wannemeuhler
Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications
Introduction: Adjuvants and immunotherapies designed to activate adaptive immunity to eliminate infectious disease and tumors have become an area of interest aimed at providing a safe and effective strategy to prevent or eliminate disease. Existing approaches would benefit from the development of immunization regimens capable of inducing efficacious cell-mediated immunity directed toward CD8+ T cell-specific antigens. This goal is critically dependent upon appropriate activation of antigen-presenting cells (APCs) most notably dendritic cells (DCs). In this regard, polyanhydride particles have been shown to be effectively internalized by APCs and induce activation.
Methods: Here, a prophylactic vaccine regimen designed as a single-dose ...
Effects Of Period And Temperature On Quality And Shelf-Life Of Cucumber And Garden-Eggs Packaged Using Cassava Starch-Zinc Nanocomposite Film, 2020 Kwara State University, Malete
Effects Of Period And Temperature On Quality And Shelf-Life Of Cucumber And Garden-Eggs Packaged Using Cassava Starch-Zinc Nanocomposite Film, Adeshina Fadeyibi, Zinash Delebo Osunde, Mohammed Gana Yisa
Journal of Applied Packaging Research
Nanocomposite film can be used to prolong the shelf-life of fruits and vegetables. This research was undertaken to investigate the effects of packaging period and temperature on the quality and self-lives of cucumber and garden-eggs packaged using cassava starch-zinc nanocomposite film. Hundred grams each of cucumber and garden-eggs were wrapped in a 200× 350 mm size nanocomposite film and low density polyethylene (LDPE) of 2.240± 1.076 × 10-10 gm-1Pa-1s-1 water vapor and 1.568± 0.084× 10-10 gm-1Pa-1s-1 oxygen gas permeability. The products were stored at 10 ...
Designing A Reactor Chamber For Hot Electron Chemistry On Bimetallic Plasmonic Nanoparticles, 2020 Chapman University
Designing A Reactor Chamber For Hot Electron Chemistry On Bimetallic Plasmonic Nanoparticles, Bryn Merrill, Bingjie Zhang, Jerry Larue
SURF Posters and Papers
Catalysis provides pathways for efficient and selective chemical reactions by lowering the energy barriers for desired products. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) show excellent promise as plasmonic catalysts. Plasmonic materials have localized surface plasmon resonances, oscillations of the electron bath at the surface of a nanoparticle, that generate energetically intense electric fields which rapidly decay into energetically excited electrons. The excited electrons have the potential to destabilize atoms strongly bound to the catalysts through occupation of antibonding orbitals. Tuning the antibonding orbitals to make them accessible for occupancy by electrons is achieved by coating the AuNP in a thin layer of another ...
Mxenes As Flow Electrodes For Capacitive Deionization Of Wastewater, 2020 Boise State University
Mxenes As Flow Electrodes For Capacitive Deionization Of Wastewater, Naqsh E. Mansoor
Boise State University Theses and Dissertations
The energy-water nexus poses an integrated research challenge, while opening up an opportunity space for the development of energy efficient technologies for water remediation. Capacitive Deionization (CDI) is an upcoming reclamation technology that uses a small applied voltage applied across electrodes to electrophoretically remove dissolved ionic impurities from wastewater streams. Similar to a supercapacitor, the ions are stored in the electric double layer of the electrodes. Reversing the polarity of applied voltage enables recovery of the removed ionic impurities, allowing for recycling and reuse. Simultaneous materials recovery and water reclamation makes CDI energy efficient and resource conservative, with potential to ...
Interfacial And Bulk Assembly Of Anisotropic Gold Nanostructures: Implications For Photonics And Plasmonics, 2020 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory
Interfacial And Bulk Assembly Of Anisotropic Gold Nanostructures: Implications For Photonics And Plasmonics, Hyeong Jin Kim, Md Mir Hossen, Andrew C. Hillier, David Vaknin, Surya K. Mallapragada, Wenjie Wang
Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications
We report on the assembly of polymer-grafted nanostructures at the vapor/aqueous interface and in bulk solutions by using synchrotron X-ray diffraction methods. Triangular- and octahedral-shaped gold nanostructures are synthesized and grafted with polyethylene glycol (referred to as PEG-AuNTs and PEG-AuNOh, respectively) and their suspensions are manipulated with salts, (poly)electrolytes that induce interpolymer complexation and HCl to achieve organized assemblies. The assemblies at the vapor/liquid interface are explored by X-ray reflectivity and grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering. Results show that the PEG-AuNTs and PEG-AuNOh populate the interface, with some degree of orientation with respect to the liquid ...
Synthesis, Self-Assembly And High-Pressure Properties Of Nanoparticles And Hybrid Nanocomposites, 2020 University of New Mexico - Main Campus
Synthesis, Self-Assembly And High-Pressure Properties Of Nanoparticles And Hybrid Nanocomposites, Lingyao Meng
Nanoscience and Microsystems ETDs
Nanoparticles have gained significant scientific interests owing to their unique structural dimensions, size- and shape-tunable properties, and numerous fascinating applications, from opto-electronics, sensor devices, to energy, environmental, and medical fields. Furthermore, the synergistic integration of other materials, including organic polymers, with nanoparticles provides new opportunities and strategies to obtain nanocomposites with superior properties and functionalities. While there is already significant research on the synthesis and characterizations of nanoparticles and hybrid nanocomposites, some research questions, such as how to design and control the interfacial morphology in polymer/nanoparticle hybrid nanocomposites, how to synthesize metal- organic framework (MOF) nanoparticles in well-defined and ...
Transport Of Artificial Virus-Like Nanocarriers (Avn) Through Intestinal Monolayer Via Microfold Cells, 2020 Iowa State University
Transport Of Artificial Virus-Like Nanocarriers (Avn) Through Intestinal Monolayer Via Microfold Cells, Tianjian Tong, Yijun Qi, Luke Bussiere, Michael J. Wannemeuhler, Cathy L. Miller, Chenxu Yu, Qun Wang
Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications
Compared with subcutaneous or intramuscular routes for vaccination, vaccine delivery via gastrointestinal mucosa has tremendous potential as it is easy to administer and pain free. Robust immune responses can be triggered successfully once vaccine carried antigen reaches the mucosal associated lymphoid sites (e.g., Peyer’s patches). However, the absence of an efficient delivery method has always been an issue for successful oral vaccine development. In our study, inspired by mammalian orthoreovirus (MRV) transport into gut mucosal lymphoid tissue via Microfold cells (M cells), artificial virus-like nanocarriers (AVN), consisting of gold nanocages functionalized with the ?1 protein from mammalian reovirus ...
Nonlinear Nanophotonic Devices In The Ultraviolet To Visible Wavelength Range, 2020 University of Southern California
Nonlinear Nanophotonic Devices In The Ultraviolet To Visible Wavelength Range, Jinghan He, Hong Chen, Jin Hu, Jingan Zhou, Yingmu Zhang, Andre Kovach, Constantine Sideris, Mark C. Harrison, Yuji Zhao, Andrea M. Armani
Engineering Faculty Articles and Research
Although the first lasers invented operated in the visible, the first on-chip devices were optimized for near-infrared (IR) performance driven by demand in telecommunications. However, as the applications of integrated photonics has broadened, the wavelength demand has as well, and we are now returning to the visible (Vis) and pushing into the ultraviolet (UV). This shift has required innovations in device design and in materials as well as leveraging nonlinear behavior to reach these wavelengths. This review discusses the key nonlinear phenomena that can be used as well as presents several emerging material systems and devices that have reached the ...
Surface Chemistry Of Ternary Nanocrystals: Engineering The Deposition Of Conductive Nabis2 Films, 2020 Iowa State University
Surface Chemistry Of Ternary Nanocrystals: Engineering The Deposition Of Conductive Nabis2 Films, Alan M. Medina-Gonzalez, Bryan A. Rosales, Umar H. Hamdeh, Matthew G. Panthani, Javier Vela
The ability to engineer the surface chemistry of complex ternary nanocrystals is critical to their successful application in photovoltaic, thermoelectric, and other energy conversion devices. For many years, several studies have shed light into the surface chemistry of unary and binary semiconductor nanocrystals, as well as their surface modification with monodentate and multidentate ligands in a variety of applications. In contrast, our understanding of the surface chemistry and ligand modification of ternary and other complex multinary nanocrystals remains relatively limited. Recently, our group reported the synthesis of colloidal NaBiS2 semiconductor nanocrystals with sizes tunable between 2–60 nm, and a ...
Direct Observations Of Field-Intensity-Dependent Dielectric Breakdown Mechanisms In Tio2 Single Nanocrystals, 2020 Iowa State University
Direct Observations Of Field-Intensity-Dependent Dielectric Breakdown Mechanisms In Tio2 Single Nanocrystals, Xinchun Tian, Geoff Lee Brennecka, Xiaoli Tan
Materials Science and Engineering Publications
One of the main challenges for next-generation electric power systems and electronics is to avoid premature dielectric breakdown in insulators and capacitors and to ensure reliable operations at higher electric fields and higher efficiencies. However, dielectric breakdown is a complex phenomenon and often involves many different processes simultaneously. Here we show distinctly different defect-related and intrinsic breakdown processes by studying individual, single-crystalline TiO2 nanoparticles using in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM). As the applied electric field intensity rises, rutile-to-anatase phase transition, local amorphization/melting, and ablation are identified as the corresponding breakdown processes, the field intensity thresholds of which are ...
Transcriptome Studies On The Toxicity Of Silica Nanoparticles, 2020 University of South Florida
Transcriptome Studies On The Toxicity Of Silica Nanoparticles, Shih-Yi Hsu
Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Nanotechnology enables more precise harmony in health condition via reducing the dosage amount, improving the delivery of hydrophobic drugs, more specific targeting to the cancerous sites, and so on. Nevertheless, issues regarding the toxicity of nanotechnology have begun to call for attention several decades later after the innovation of nanotechnology. Tools about risk management of nanotechnology have been developed, but recently not much evidence recognizes the toxicity of nanoparticles (NPs) except for some animal studies, which demonstrated organ damage after the exposure to NPs. Toxicogenomic approach refers to the method utilizing gene expression to evaluate the chemical toxicity. Databases as ...
Detection Of Hydroxyl Radicals Using Cerium Oxide/Graphene Oxide Composite On Prussian Blue, 2020 University of Toledo
Detection Of Hydroxyl Radicals Using Cerium Oxide/Graphene Oxide Composite On Prussian Blue, Surachet Duanghathaipornsuk, Sushil R. Kanel, Emily F. Haushalter, Jessica Ruetz, Dong-Shik Kim
A composite sensor consisting of two separate inorganic layers of Prussian blue (PB) and a composite of cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeNPs) and graphene oxide (GO), is tested with ?OH radicals. The signals from the interaction between the composite layers and ?OH radicals are characterized using cyclic voltammetry (CV). The degradation of PB in the presence of H2O2 and ?OH radicals is observed and its impact on the sensor efficiency is investigated. The results show that the composite sensor differentiates between the solutions with and without ?OH radicals by the increase of electrochemical redox current in the presence ...
Facile Fabrication Of Hierarchical Mof–Metal Nanoparticle Tandem Catalysts For The Synthesis Of Bioactive Molecules, 2020 Iowa State University and Zhejiang University
Facile Fabrication Of Hierarchical Mof–Metal Nanoparticle Tandem Catalysts For The Synthesis Of Bioactive Molecules, Jingwen Chen, Biying Zhang, Long Qi, Yuchen Pei, Renfeng Nie, Patrick M. Heintz, Xuechen Luan, Zongbi Bao, Qiwei Yang, Qilong Ren, Zhiguo Zhang, Wenyu Huang
Multifunctional metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) that possess permanent porosity are promising catalysts in organic transformation. Herein, we report the construction of a hierarchical MOF functionalized with basic aliphatic amine groups and polyvinylpyrrolidone-capped platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs). The postsynthetic covalent modification of organic ligands increases basic site density in the MOF and simultaneously introduces mesopores to create a hierarchically porous structure. The multifunctional MOF is capable of catalyzing a sequential Knoevenagel condensation–hydrogenation–intramolecular cyclization reaction. The unique selective reduction of the nitro group to intermediate hydroxylamine by Pt NPs supported on MOF followed by intramolecular cyclization with a cyano group ...
Chitosan-Adjuvanted Salmonella Subunit Nanoparticle Vaccine For Poultry Delivered Through Drinking Water And Feed, 2020 Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center and The Ohio State University
Chitosan-Adjuvanted Salmonella Subunit Nanoparticle Vaccine For Poultry Delivered Through Drinking Water And Feed, Sankar Renu, Yi Han, Santosh Dhakal, Yashavanth S. Lakshmanappa, Ninoshkaly Feliciano-Ruiz, Sujata Senapati, Balaji Narasimhan, Ramesh Selvaraj, Gourapura J. Renukaradhya
Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications
Poor induction of mucosal immunity in the intestines by current Salmonella vaccines is a challenge to the poultry industry. We prepared and tested an oral deliverable Salmonella subunit vaccine containing immunogenic outer membrane proteins (OMPs) and flagellin (F) protein loaded and F-protein surface coated chitosan nanoparticles (CS NPs) (OMPs-F-CS NPs). The OMPs-F-CS NPs had mean particle size distribution of 514?nm, high positive charge and spherical in shape. In vitro and in vivo studies revealed the F-protein surface coated CS NPs were specifically targeted to chicken immune cells. The OMPs-F-CS NPs treatment of chicken immune cells upregulated TLRs, and Th1 ...
Fabrication Of Nanoscale Columnar Diodes By Glancing Angle Deposition, 2020 Macalester College
Fabrication Of Nanoscale Columnar Diodes By Glancing Angle Deposition, Jacob D. Weightman
Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy
Glancing angle deposition (GLAD) is a process in which thin films are deposited onto a substrate with obliquely incident vapor together with precisely controlled azimuthal substrate rotation. Ballistic shadowing effects due to the oblique incidence produce nanoscale structures, and a variety of feature shapes, including tilted columns, helices, and vertical columns can be achieved by varying the azimuthal rotation during the deposition process. Due to this control of morphology and the compatibility of the process with a wide variety of materials, GLAD films have found applications in a variety of fields including sensing, photonics, photovoltaics, and catalysis, where they are ...
The Artificial Leaf: An Investigation Into The Sociotechnical Integration Of New Solar Energy Innovations, 2020 James Madison University
The Artificial Leaf: An Investigation Into The Sociotechnical Integration Of New Solar Energy Innovations, Alexandra K. Treml, Jamie M. Mears
Senior Honors Projects, 2020-current
Increasing global demand, combined with the volatility of fossil fuels, has called for a large-scale increase in renewable energy production. Photovoltaics hold significant potential, but by nature, solar energy is intermittent and lacks dispatchability. Researchers around the world are working to create innovative solutions that utilize semiconductors found in solar cell technologies in new ways. This project harnesses photoelectrochemical water-splitting, which uses light energy to dissociate water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen. When the water-splitting device is submerged in saltwater and illuminated by sunlight, oxygen and hydrogen gas are produced on opposite surfaces, and can be either released or stored ...
Characterization Of Avidin And Case9 Single Protein Molecules By A Solid-State Nanopore Device, 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Characterization Of Avidin And Case9 Single Protein Molecules By A Solid-State Nanopore Device, Haopeng Li
Theses and Dissertations
The shape and charge of a protein play significant roles in protein dynamics in the biological system of humans and animals. Characterizing and quantifying the shape and charge of a protein at the single-molecule level remains a challenge. Solid-state nanopores made of silicon nitride (SiNx) have emerged as novel platforms for biosensing such as diagnostics for single-molecule detection and DNA sequencing. SSN detection is based on measuring the variations in ionic conductance as charged biomolecules translocate through nanometer-sized channels driven by an external voltage applied across the membrane. In this paper, we observe the translocation of asymmetric cylindrical structure CRISPR-Cas9 ...
Size-Dependent Inhibitory Effects Of Antibiotic Nanocarriers On Filamentation Of E. Coli, 2020 Old Dominion University
Size-Dependent Inhibitory Effects Of Antibiotic Nanocarriers On Filamentation Of E. Coli, Preeyaporn Songkiatisak, Feng Ding, Pavan Kumar Cherukuri, Xiao-Hong Nancy Xu
Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Publications
Multidrug membrane transporters exist in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and cause multidrug resistance (MDR), which results in an urgent need for new and more effective therapeutic agents. In this study, we used three different sized antibiotic nanocarriers to study their mode of action and their size-dependent inhibitory effects against Escherichia coli (E. coli). Antibiotic nanocarriers (AgMUNH–Oflx NPs) with 8.6 × 102, 9.4 × 103 and 6.5 × 105 Oflx molecules per nanoparticle (NP) were prepared by functionalizing Ag NPs (2.4 ± 0.7, 13.0 ± 3.1 and 92.6 ± 4.4 nm) with a ...